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Surveyors job description



MARINE AND CARGO SURVEYOR JOB DESCRIPTION


"MARINE-CARGO SURVEYOR"
Job Description and Jobs



Inspects cargoes of seagoing vessels to certify compliance with national and international health and safety regulations in cargo handling and stowage: Reads vessel documents that set forth cargo loading and securing procedures, capacities, and stability factors to ascertain cargo capabilities according to design and cargo regulations. Advises crew in techniques of stowing dangerous and heavy cargo, such as use of extra support beams (deck bedding), shoring, and additional stronger lashings, according to knowledge of hazards present when shipping grain, explosives, logs, and heavy machinery. Inspects loaded, secured cargo in holds and lashed to decks to ascertain that pertinent cargo handling regulations have been observed. Issues certificate of compliance when violations are not detected. Recommends remedial procedures to correct deficiencies. Measures ship holds and depth of fuel and water in tanks, using sounding line and tape measure, and reads draft markings to ascertain depth of vessel in water. Times roll of ship, using stopwatch. Calculates hold capacities, volume of stored fuel and water, weight of cargo, and ship stability factors, using standard mathematical formulas and calculator. Analyzes data obtained from survey, formulates recommendations pertaining to vessel capacities, and writes report of findings. Inspects cargo handling devices, such as boom, hoists, and derricks, to identify need for maintenance.




Marine surveyor
Marine Surveyor is a person who conducts inspections, surveys or examinations of marine vessels to assess, monitor and report on their condition and the products one them. Marine Surveyors also inspect equipment intended for new or existing vessels to ensure compliance with various standards or specifications. Marine surveys typically include the structure, machinery and equipment (navigational, safety, radio, etc.) and general condition of a vessel. It also includes judging materials on board and their condition

Marine Surveying has a noble history that goes back hundreds if not thousands of years. As long as there have been boats there have been people who specialized in inspecting them for quality and safety and recommending repairs. Over the past few hundred years, as ships and shipping technology began to evolve as a major source of transportation and commerce, Marine Surveying has emerged as a well-defined profession with its own principles, practices, societies and ethics codes.

Marine Surveying is often closely associated with marine insurance, as insurers generally lack the training and skills required to perform a detailed assessment of the condition of a vessel. While Marine Surveyors are sometimes employed by insurers directly they maintain a certain professional autonomy in order to provide an unbiased view. Independent Marine Surveyors are often employed by the clients of marine insurers to provide evidence in support of damage claims made against the insurer. Insurance companies cannot require customers to use specific Marine Surveyors (although they often provide a list of recommended or pre-approved Marine Surveyors who are known to them).

Marine Surveyors use many credentials, letters, and terms such as "Accredited", "Certified", "Qualifed", "AMS", "CMS", and so on. However, Marine Surveyors pursue their profession independently of required organizations, and there is currently no national or international licensing requirement for Marine Surveyors. The U.S. Coast Guard does not approve or certify Marine Surveyors. All association terms and initials represent training and certification by private organizations.



General duties of a Marine Surveyor
A Marine Surveyor may perform the following tasks:

Conduct surveys throughout the ship's life (building new ship, annual survey, interim survey, special survey) to ensure standards are maintained;

Perform inspections required by domestic statutes and international conventions by (IMO);

Witness tests and operation of emergency and safety machinery and equipment;

Measure ships for tonnage and survey them for load line assignment;

Attend court as an expert witness and assist in coroner's inquiries;

Investigate marine accidents.





Types of Marine Surveyor
Government surveyor
A Government surveyor performs ship registration surveys, surveys of foreign-going ships and local craft, and generally enforces ship safety standards to insure marine industrial safety. Government-appointed Marine Surveyors belong to two groups, which are not mutually exclusive: Flag State surveyors report to the government with whom the vessel is registered, and Port State surveyors report to the government into whose territory the vessel has entered. The Port State surveyors usually have the authority to detain vessels considered to have defects that may result in adverse impacts on life or the environment. Based on their government's legal framework, Flag State surveyors can impose conditions on the vessel such that failure to comply will result in the registration of the vessel being suspended or withdrawn. In this event, the vessel will find it almost impossible to trade.


Classification surveyor
A Classification surveyor inspects ships to make sure that the ship, its components and machinery are built and maintained according to the standards required for their class. Classification surveyors often have two roles: one is as a representative of the Classification Society; and the other as an inspector on behalf of the country with which the vessel is registered (the Flag State). The Classification role is to ensure that during construction the vessel initially complies with the Classification Society's Rules for construction and outfitting, and thereafter is maintained to a suitable standard of seaworthiness. The Flag State role is based on a clear set of guidelines issued by the registering country. On satisfactory completion of any survey, the Classification surveyor makes recommendations to the Classification Society and/or the Flag State. These may be that the vessel has a clean bill of health, or that various defects must be corrected within a given time.

Increasingly, both Government and Classification surveyors are becoming involved in confirming compliance with international treaties associated with such things as pollution, international security, and safety management schemes. They may also examine cargo gear to ensure that it meets various requirements or regulations. Government and Classification surveyors are usually marine professionals mariner, such as a qualified ship's master, engineer, naval architect or radio officer.


Private surveyor
A Private marine surveyor may be asked to carry out a wide range of tasks, including: examining ships' cargoes or onboard conditions such as fuel quality; investigating accidents at sea (e.g., oil spillages or failure of machinery or structures which are not considered to be critical); and preparing accident reports for insurance purposes.


Yacht and Small Craft surveyor
Yacht and Small Craft surveyors specialize in inspecting smaller vessels that are most often used for pleasure boating (both power and sail). Y&SC surveyors may be employed directly by larger marine insurance companies, but most often they are independent practitioners. Since using boats for pleasure (or "yachting") is a relatively recent phenomena, having only been widely practiced for the last century or so, Y&SC surveying has many unique aspects that are not shared with the more traditional forms of marine surveying described above.



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